Enameled Wire
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Enameled Wire

What is enameled wire?

Enameled wire refers to a metal wire that uses insulating varnish as an insulating coating and is used to wind an electromagnetic coil, also known as an electromagnetic wire. It is a main variety of winding wire. It consists of conductor and insulating layer. After the bare wire is softened by annealing, it is painted and baked many times. In most cases, enameled wire is wound into coils of different shapes to provide electromagnetic fields for motors, transformers, electromagnets and other products.

Classification of enameled wires

1. According to the classification of conductor materials, Chalco Aluminum mainly includes enameled copper wire, enameled aluminum wire and enameled copper clad aluminum wire;

According to the classification of conductor materials

2. According to the shape classification, Chalco Aluminum mainly produces enameled round wire and enameled flat wire;

According to the shape classification


Size Thermal level Standard
Enameled flat wire A: 1-10mm
B: 3-30mm
180, 200, 220 IEC, NEMA, GB, JI
Enameled round wire Diameter: 0.15mm-6.00mm 130, 180, 200, 220 IEC, NEMA, GB, JIS

3. According to the classification of temperature resistance grades, Chalco Aluminum mainly produces enameled wires with temperature resistance grades of 105, 130, 155, 180, 200, 210, 220, 240;

4. According to the classification of insulating paint, Chalco Aluminum mainly produces: Polyurethane enameled wire paint (PUR), weldable polyesterimide enameled wire paint (PEI), polyamideimide enameled wire paint (PAI), acetal enameled wire paint (PVF), self-bonding enameled wire paint (SB).

Main products of enameled wire in Chalco Aluminum

General Winding Wire

Characteristics/type Polyvinyl Formal Enamelled Wire Polyurethane Enamelled wire Polyurethane Nylon Enamelled wire Polyester Enamelled wire Polyester Nylon Enamelled wire
PVF UEW UEW-N PEW PEW-N
Heat Resistance Temperature Index 105°C 130°C 130°C 155°C 155°C
Dimension Overall (mm) 1.066 1.066 1.066 1.066 1.066
Conductor Diameter (mm) 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000
Film Thickness (mm) 0.033 0.033 0.033 0.033 0.033



Thermal Characteristics

Resistance to cut through (°C) 290 230 230 320 300
Heat Shock Resistance Temperature - 130°C 130°C 150°C 150°C
Time - 1hr 1hr 1hr 1hr
Mandrel - 1d ok 1d ok 2d ok 1d ok
Mechanical Characteristics Flexibility Good Good Good Good Good
Adhesion Good Good Good Good Good
Abrasion Resistance (N) 13.0 12.9 13.7 12.7 13.7
Static Friction Coefficient 0.12 0.12 0.05 0.10 0.05
Electrical Characteristics Pinhole 0 0 0 0 0
Dielectric Breakdown (kv) 11.5 11.5 11.5 11.5 11.5
Chemical Characteristics Solderability Solder Temperature no 380°C 380°C no no
Time 2seconds 2seconds
Solvent Resistance 4H 4H 4H 4H 5H
Chemical Resistance 5H 5H 5H 5H 5H

Solderable winding wire

Characteristics/type Polyurethane Enamelled wire Polyurethane Nylon Enamelled wire Solderable Polyester Enamelled wire Solderable Polyester Nylon Enamelled wire Solderable Polyester-lmide Enamelled wire
UEW UEW-N SMPEW SMPEW-N SMHEIW
Heat Resistance Temperature Index 130°C 130°C 155°C 155°C 180°C
Dimension Overall (mm) 0.378 0.378 0.378 0.378 0.378
Conductor Diameter (mm) 0.350 0.350 0.350 0.350 0.350
Film Thickness (mm) 0.014 0.014 0.014 0.014 0.014



Thermal Characteristics

Resistance to cut through (°C) 230 230 250 250 290
Heat Shock Resistance Temperature 130°C 130°C 150°C 150°C 180°C
Time 1hr 1hr 1hr 1hr 1hr
Elongation 10% ok 10% ok 10% ok 10% ok 20% ok
Mechanical Characteristics Flexibility Good Good Good Good Good
Adhesion Good Good Good Good Good
Abrasion Resistance (N) 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0
Static Friction Coefficient 0.12 0.05 0.10 0.05 0.10
Electrical Characteristics Pinhole 0 0 0 0 0
Dielectric Breakdown (kv) 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0
Chemical Characteristics Solderability Solder Temperature 380°C 380°C 400°C 400°C 470°C
Time 1second 1second 1second 1second 5seconds
Solvent Resistance 4H 4H 4H 4H 5H
Chemical Resistance 5H 5H 5H 5H 5H

Heat-resistance winding wire

Characteristics/type Polyester-lmide /Polyamide-Imide Enamelled wire Highly Polyester-lmide Enamelled wire Polyamide-Imide Enamelled wire Polyamide Enamelled wire
ATZ-300 UTZ AIW PIW
Heat Resistance Temperature Index 200°C 200°C 220°C 220°C
Dimension Overall (mm) 1.066 1.066 1.066 1.066
Conductor Diameter (mm) 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000
Film Thickness (mm) 0.033 0.033 0.033 0.33



Thermal Characteristics

Resistance to cut through 420 420 450 500
Heat Shock Resis Temp 200°C 200°C 220°C 300°C
Time 1hr 1hr 1hr 1hr
Elongation 1d ok 1d ok 1d ok 1d ok
Dielectric Breakdown(kv) 220/168hr 9.3 9.3 9.6 11.3
240/168hr 8.5 8.5 8.8 10.9
280/168hr 1.3 1.3 7.9 10.4
Mechanical Characteristics Flexibility Good Good Good Good
Adhesion Good Good Good Good
Abrasion Resistance (N) 15.7 18.6 17.6 11.8
Static Friction Coefficient 0.10 0.05 0.10 0.10
Electrical Characteristics Pinhole 0 0 0 0
Dielectric Breakdown (kv) 11.5 11.5 11.5 11.5
Chemical Characteristics Solderability no no no no
Solvent Resistance 6H 6H 6H 5H
Chemical Resistance 6H 6H 6H 5H

Scrape-resistance winding wire

Characteristics/type Highly Adhesive Polyester-lmide /Highly Lubricated Polyamide-Imide Enamelled wire Polyamide-Imide/Highly Lubricated Polyamide-Imide Enamelled wire Highly Adhesive Polyamide-Imide/Highly Lubricated Polyamide-Imide Enamelled wire
UTZ slaiw UAIW
Heat Resistance Temperature Index 200°C 220°C 220°C
Dimension Overall (mm) 1.066 1.066 1.066
Conductor Diameter (mm) 1.000 1.000 1.000
Film Thickness (mm) 0.033 0.033 0.033



Thermal Characteristics

Resistance to cut through 420 450 450
Heat Shock Resis Temp 200°C 220°C 220°C
Time 1hr 1hr 1hr
Elongation 1d ok 1d ok 1d ok
Dielectric Breakdown(kv) 220/168hr 9.3 9.6 9.6
240/168hr 8.5 8.8 8.8
280/168hr 1.3 7.9 7.9
Mechanical Characteristics Flexibility Good Good Good
Adhesion Good Good Good
Abrasion Resistance (N) 18.6 17.6 18.6
Static Friction Coefficient 0.05 0.05 0.05
Electrical Characteristics Pinhole 0 0 0
Dielectric Breakdown (kv) 11.5 11.5 11.5
Chemical Characteristics Solderability no no no
Solvent Resistance 6H 6H 6H
Chemical Resistance 6H 6H

6H

The use of enameled wire

Acetal enameled wire

Acetal enameled wire has two thermal grades of 105 and 120. This product has good mechanical strength, adhesion, transformer oil resistance and refrigerant resistance, but it has poor moisture resistance, low thermal softening breakdown temperature, weak performance of durable benzene-alcohol mixed solvent and other defects. So, only a small amount has been used on oil-immersed transformers or oil-filled motor windings.

Polyester and modified polyester enameled wires

The thermal grade of ordinary polyester enameled wire is 130, and the thermal grade of modified enameled wire is 155. The product has high mechanical strength, good elasticity, adhesion, electrical properties and solvent resistance. Its weaknesses are poor thermal shock resistance and low moisture resistance. It is widely used in various motors, electrical appliances, instruments, telecommunication equipment and home appliances.

Polyester and Modified Polyester Enameled Wires

Polyurethane enameled wire

The thermal grades of polyurethane enameled wire are 130, 155, 180, 200. The biggest feature is that it has direct welding, good high frequency resistance, easy coloring, and good moisture resistance. It is widely used in electronic appliances and precision instruments, telecommunications, and some other instruments. But it also has some weaknesses, such as its mechanical strength is slightly poor, its heat resistance is not high, the flexibility and adhesion of large-sized wires are poor. So, the specifications of this product are mostly small and medium-sized wires.

Polyesterimide/Polyamide composite enameled wire

The thermal class of the Polyesterimide/Polyamide Composite Enameled Wire is 180, the product has good thermal shock resistance, high softening breakdown temperature, excellent mechanical strength, good solvent resistance and refrigerant resistance, and its weakness is that it is easy to be hydrolyzed under closed conditions. It is widely used in windings with high heat resistance requirements such as motors, electrical appliances, instruments, power tools, dry-type power transformers, etc.

Polyesterimide/Polyamideimide composite layer enameled wire

This is a kind of widely used heat-resistant enameled wire. Its thermal class is 200. The product has high heat resistance, refrigerant resistance, severe cold resistance, radiation resistance, etc. It also has the high strength, stable electrical properties, good chemical resistance and strong overload capacity. It is widely used in refrigerator compressors, air-conditioning compressors, power tools, explosion-proof motors and motors and electrical appliances used in high temperature, high cold, radiation resistance, overload and other conditions.

Polyesterimide/Polyamideimide Composite Layer Enameled Wire

The production process of Chalco Aluminum enameled wire

Wire drawing process

Using 8mm copper rod/aluminum rod as raw material, it is thinned to the required bare wire size in several stages through a wire drawing die. The drawing process is carried out sequentially on a series of drawing machines with different diameter ranges. The bare wire is permanently stretched through the eye mold in several stages to become thinner and longer, while the volume remains the same.

Painting process

Painting is a continuous process, mainly composed of annealing, insulating paint coating, curing, lubricant coating, tension control and wiring.

Annealing process

During the wire drawing process, the grain structure of the bare wire has changed after cold deformation. The annealing process can make the copper recrystallize and soften again. In order to avoid oxidation of the wire surface, this high temperature stress relief process is carried out in an environment with protective gas. If the wire is oxidized, it will affect the adhesion between the copper wire and the insulating coating during the subsequent painting process. The softness of the wire is very important for good winding characteristics, especially the number of wire breaks can be significantly reduced.

Painting process

There are two main ways of coating enameled wire: felt coating and die coating. Felt painting is mainly used for the production of thin wires, and mold painting is mainly used for the production of thick wires. Insulating paint should always be applied in as many coats as possible, avoiding the use of few and thick coats, in order to obtain better mechanical and electrical properties.

Curing oven

The solvent contained in the liquid insulating varnish will be evaporated in a high-temperature curing oven, and then catalytically burned in an energy-saving and environmentally friendly way. Temperature control of the curing process is very important. If the temperature is too low, too much solvent can remain in the insulating varnish coating, resulting in poor adhesion and reduced mechanical and electrical properties. If the temperature is too high, the paint layer can become hard and brittle, causing the insulation to crack under mechanical stress.

Lubricant

The surface of the enameled wire needs to be precisely coated with a specified amount of lubricant. Lubrication of enameled wire is very important to obtain stable winding characteristics and guarantee zero defects under high-speed winding conditions.

Tension control

In the paint production process, continuous and stable tension control can make the wire arrangement on the spool be uniform. Through effective tension control, the resistance change of the wire can be avoided due to being stretched, and the spool can also be guaranteed to have good pay-off performance when it is used at the customer's place.

Wiring

Wire spacing and spool speed are production process variables that need to be tightly controlled. This results in consistent and excellent electrical winding performance and minimizes other issues such as wire jams and stray wires. The wiring process parameters such as wiring spacing and spool speed are closely controlled. As a result, the wire has stable and good pay-off performance, and the occurrence of problems such as pinching and stray lines is minimized.

Wiring

Chalco Aluminum's enameled wire

Chalco Aluminum produces and manages various types of enameled wire and magnet wire, with mature and exquisite craftsmanship. Chalco Aluminum strictly implements ISO9001 quality management system, ISO14001 environmental management system, IATF16949 automotive quality management system and other management standards. The products have obtained the US UL safety certification, and comply with the EU RoHS and Reach and other environmental hazardous substances management regulations.c

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